Diabetes is a condition where the blood sugar level is at a higher level than normal.
There are two main types
Type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It is usually seen in young people.
Type 2 diabetes is usually non insulin-dependent diabetes. It tends to affect adults over 40 and overweight people.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas gland in the abdomen. It controls the use of glucose within the body.
The blood sugar level will rise if:
the pancreas produces little or no insulin (Type 1 diabetes)
the pancreas produces insulin, but it’s inadequate for the body’s needs and its effectiveness is reduced (Type 2 diabetes).
Popular assumption is that Type 2 diabetes is related to factors associated with a Western lifestyle, since it’s most common in people who are overweight and who don’t get enough exercise.