Influential Development


Down’s syndrome (also called Down syndrome) is a genetic condition known as trisomy, where a person inherits an extra copy of one chromosome. People with the syndrome have three copies of chromosome 21 rather than two.
This additional genetic material changes the finely tuned balance of the body and results in characteristic physical and intellectual features.
There are three types of Down’s syndrome:
Regular trisomy 21 - all the cells have an extra chromosome 21. Around 94 per cent of people with Down’s syndrome have this type.
Translocation - the extra chromosome 21 material is attached to another chromosome and one of the parents may carry the translocated chromosome without any signs of the condition themselves. This accounts for around 4 per cent of cases.
Mosaic - only some of the cells have an extra chromosome 21. Around two per cent of people with Down’s have this type, which tends to result in milder features.
The severity of Down’s syndrome symptoms can vary from person to person. There is currently no cure for the condition. However, there are treatments that can help someone with the syndrome to lead an active and independent life.


Chiropractic is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system and the effects of these disorders on the function of the nervous system and general health. There is an emphasis on manual treatments including spinal manipulation or adjustment (World Federation of Chiropractic, 1999).
Chiropractors take an integrated and holistic approach to the health needs of their patients, considering physical, psychological and social factors. They provide care and support by reducing pain and disability and by restoring normal function to people with neuro-musculoskeletal disorders.
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Down’s Syndrome is named after John Langdon Down, the British doctor who first described the condition in 1887. It wasn’t until 1959, however, that an extra chromosome was identified as the cause.
Down’s Syndrome affects around one in 1,000 babies born in the UK - about 750 babies a year - and is the most common cause of learning disability.
The condition tends to affect male and females equally. It is estimated that there are approximately 60,000 people with Down’s syndrome currently living in the UK.
Due to a better understanding of the condition and advancements in treatment and care, the average life expectancy of someone with Down’s syndrome is now 60-65 years of age.

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