Drug addiction, or dependence, is the compulsive use of a substance, despite its negative or dangerous effects.
However, a physical dependence on a substance (needing the drug to function) is not always part of the definition of addiction. Some drugs (for example, certain blood pressure medications) do not cause addiction but they can cause physical dependence. Other drugs cause addiction without leading to physical dependence. Cocaine is an example.
Tolerance to a drug (needing a higher dose to attain the same effect) is usually part of addiction.
Chiropractic is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system and the effects of these disorders on the function of the nervous system and general health. There is an emphasis on manual treatments including spinal manipulation or adjustment (World Federation of Chiropractic, 1999).
Chiropractors take an integrated and holistic approach to the health needs of their patients, considering physical, psychological and social factors. They provide care and support by reducing pain and disability and by restoring normal function to people with neuro-musculoskeletal disorders.
Psychotherapists work with children and young people as well as their parents and families. They are able to treat a wide range of difficulties including problems with sleeping and bed-wetting to eating disorders, self-harm, depression and anxiety. Child and adolescent psychotherapists also play an important role supporting other professionals who work with children and young people, including teachers, social workers, youth workers and other mental health professionals. They do this through training, supervision and consultation. Child and adolescent psychotherapists offer positive long-term outcomes for the emotional wellbeing of children, young people and their families.
"You have helped us to understand that his behaviour is not about being provocative, it is because he is terrified. We have manage to find ways of understanding his fears and using story cards and pictures so that school is less of a scary place for him. We did not realise how much we would gain from having your insight into his feelings, his own little world."Headteacher talking about a five year old boy on the autistic spectrum